Krasnoyarsk history calendar

2006
Foundation of Siberian Federal University
2005
Prime minister of Russia M. Fradkov visits Krasnoyarsk. As result, final agreements signed on completion of construction of Boguchanskaya dam on Angara river, new pulp and paper plant and new aluminum plant.
2002
Governor A. Lebed dies in helicopter crash. New governor A. Khloponin is elected
2000
First oil produced in Evenkiya
1998
General A. Lebed is elected governor of Krasnoyarsk region
1997
Krasnoyarsk hosts meeting of Russia’s president B. Yeltsyn and Japanese prime minister R. Hashimoto
1993
V.M. Zubov - the first elected governor in Krasnoyarsk region
1992
Start of privatization in Krasnoyarsk region
1991
The first post soviet head of the region A.F. Veprev is signed as the governor of Krasnoyarsk region
1982
Opening of Achinsk’s Oil Refinery Plant
1981
Institute of Biophysics opens in Krasnoyarsk as part of Siberian Branch of USSR Academy of Science
1980
Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technologies opens in Krasnoyarsk as part of Siberian Branch of USSR Academy of Science
1978
Opening of Krasnoyarsk Opera and Ballet Theatre
1972
First Krasnoyarsker Ivan Yarygin wins gold in Munich Olympics
1968
First Krasnoyarsker L.V. Kirenski becomes member of USSR Academy of Science.
1968
Beginning of construction of Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydro-Electric Power Station
November 3rd, 1967
Krasnoyarsk dam generates first industrial electric power
December 10th, 1965
Completion of construction of Abakan-Taishet railroad
1964
First space satellites from Krasnoyarsk-26 (Zheleznogorsk) are launched into the space
1964
Krasnoyarsk Aluminium Plant produces first aluminum
1963
Start of construction of Ust’-Khantaiskaya dam on Taimyr peninsula – the most northern hydroelectric power station in the world
1962
First uranium is produced in Krasnoyarsk-45 (Zelenogorsk) for military needs.
1959
Beginning of work of Krasnoyarsk Pharmaceutical Plant. The main product is antibiotics
1959
Beginning of construction of Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant
1958
First in the world underground nuclear reactor is launched in Krasnoyarsk-26 (Zheleznogorsk). The reactor processes plutonium for military needs.
1956
Beginning of construction of Abakan-Taishet railroad
1956
Beginning of broadcasting of a first television station in Krasnoyarsk
1956
Beginning of construction of Krasnoyarsk Hydro-Electric Power Station (Krasnoyarsk dam)
1956
Creation of Institute of Physics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science
16th November, 1942
First US lend-lease warplanes arrive to Krasnoyarsk along the “AlSib” (Alaska-Siberia) air route
26th August, 1942
German warship "Admiral Sheer" attacks Krasnoyarsk region's Arctic shore. Battle of the ice breaker “Dezhnyov” with “Admiral Sheer” nearby port Dixon. The most eastern battle with Nazis takes place on the territory of Krasnoyarsk region.
Summer 1942
Krasnoyarsk creates the 78th Communistic Volunteered Infantry Brigade
29 April, 1942
Norilsk Nickel Plant produces first nickel
1941
Krasnoyarsker N.Y. Totmin is granted with the highest Soviet military award – Gold Star of the Hero of Soviet Union.
end of July, 1941
The 392nd Artillery Regiment is created in Krasnoyarsk
June 23, 1935
Beginning of construction of Norilsk Nickel Plant
December 7th, 1934
Foundation of the administrative unit Krasnoyarski krai/Krasnoyarsk Region (covering modern Khakasia)
1934
First regular airlines start operating from Krasnoyarsk. Airplanes provide connection of Krasnoyarsk with the northern areas of the region.
October 1932
Beginning of construction of Krasnoyarsk machinery plant “Krasmashzavod”
1931
First regular radio broadcasting starts from Krasnoyarsk
1930
First high level education institution opens in Krasnoyarsk – Siberian Forest Institute
1925
Foundation of first Nature Reserve – Krasnoyarskie Stolby
May 1925
Creation of administrative unit Siberian krai, covering several Siberian regions, including Krasnoyarsk
December 1920
Peasant’s uprising in village of Serezh, Achinsk’s district
15th January, 1920
Reestablishing of Soviet Power in Krasnoyarsk
January 1920
Beginning of liberation of Yenisey’s gubernia (provinvce) from Kolchak’s troops by the Red Army and red partisans' forces
End of 1918
Beginning of red partisan’s movement in Achinsk area under lead of P.E. Shetinkin
December 1918
Creation of Northern-Kansk front of Red Partisans under lead of V.G. Yakovenko
November 1918
Creation of Southern-Kansk front of Red Partisans under lead of A.D. Kravchenko
November 1918
Fall of the Siberian Temporary Government resulted by a coup. Establishing of military dictatorship by admiral Aleksander Kolchak in Siberia
July 1918
Creation of illegal committee of Krasnoyarsk’s communists
18th June, 1918
Fall of Soviet Power in Krasnoyarsk. Siberian Temporary Government takes power in the region
25th May, 1918
Uprising of pro- white’s Czechoslovakian troops on the Trans-Siberian Railroad against the Soviet Power in Siberia. Beginning of Civil War in Siberia
1st September, 1917
Council (Sovet) of Worker’s, Soldier’s and Cossack’s deputies declares taking political power in Krasnoyarsk
3rd March, 1917
The Committee of Public Security under head of V.M. Krutovski is created - the first post-tsarist's state institution in Krasnoyarsk
28th February, 1917
Krasnoyarsk via telegraph receives the news about fall of monarchy in Russia. Beginning of movement of delegating candidates to the Council of Worker’s, Soldier’s and Cossack’s deputies (Sovet)
1912
First electric lights are on Krasnoyarsk’s streets.
1908
First joint-stock shipping company opens on Yenisey river
1906
Massacre over Ilansk’s railroad workers by the troops of Meller-Zakomelski
1905
January 17th - strike of railroad workers in solidarity with St.Petersburg’s workers. July – political strike of railroad workers in Krasnoyarsk and Bogotol. Funeral of worker Chalnikov, who was killed during the strike in Stolby park, turns to demonstration of 10 thousands protesters. In December the Council of worker’s deputies (Sovet) opens. First issue of the newspaper “Krasnoyarsk worker” is published. Foundation of “Krasnoyarsk republic”. End of December – siege of railroad shops by military forces.
1897-1900
Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) spends his Siberian exile in Shushenskoe, Krasnoyarsk region.
1897
The Trans-Siberian railroad bridge is open. First in Krasnoyarsk telephone line is launched.
1896
The largest in Siberia railroad shops open in Krasnoyarsk. First movie theater opens in Krasnoyarsk
1895
First Trans-Siberian train arrives to Krasnoyarsk
1890
First joint-stock gold mining company opens in Minusinsk
1889
First public library opens in Krasnoyarsk. First private newspaper is published in Krasnoyarsk
1885
Woman’s gymnasium opens in Achinsk
1877, 1883, 1887, 1889
Foundation of first regional studies museums in Minusinsk, Yeniseysk, Achinsk and Krasnoyarsk
1884
Archeological excavations of I.T. Savenkov in Afontova Gora hill discover artifacts related with ancient people who lived in the region during Paleolithic times
1883
First free public hospital opens in Krasnoyarsk
1882
Drama Theater opens in Minusinsk. Decree on construction of Ob’-Yenisey canal is signed
1880
Woman’s gymnasium opens in Minusinsk
1874
First in the region copper plant opens in Achinsk
1873
Drama Theater opens in Krasnoyarsk. First book shop opens in Yeniseysk.
1868, 1869
First in the region woman’s and man’s classical gymnasiums are open in Krasnoyarsk
1866
Moscow’s merchant Kolchugin opens metallurgical plant in Abakan
1865
Exiled to Krasnoyarsk region Polish people open their illegal organization
1864
First public library opens in Yeniseysk. Beginning of shipment on Chulym river
1863
First steam-paddle ship starts operating on the Yenisey river
1857
First official newspaper is published in Krasnoyarsk
1848
Vasiliy Surikov, the future famous Russian artist is born in Krasnoyarsk
1834
Beginning of development of gold mining industry in Krasnoyarsk region
1824
Uprising of workers of Irbinski plant
1822
Foundation of Yeniseyskaya gubernia (Yenisey Province) with administrative center in Krasnoyarsk
1804
Krasnoyarsk’s administrative territories are united with Tomskaya gubernia (province of Tomsk)
1797
All Krasnoyarsk’s administrative units are united with Tobolskaya gubernia (province)
1790
Minusinsk receives status of town. First people’s schools open in Krasnoyarsk and Yeniseysk
1784
First in Russia district’s (uyezd’s) public library opened
1782
Fortress Achinsk becomes a town
1773
Krasnoyarsk fortress burnt in fire. It was never rebuilt since that.
1768-1773
Scientific expedition of P.S. Pallas is visiting Krasnoyarsk
1759
Latin’s school opens in Krasnoyarsk
1756
Merchant Vlasiev builds first metallurgical plant in the region
1741-1745
Foundation of Shushenskoye
1741
Foundation of Uyar and Ilansk
1739
Foundation of Minusinsk and Kuragino
1735-1743
Researches of the Arctic Ocean shore of Krasnoyarsk region by participants of Great Northern (2nd Kamchatka’s) Expedition
1734-1741
Krasnoyarsk is visited by the ground unit of the Second Kamchatka’s Expedition (G.F. Millier and I.G. Gmelin)
1721-1723
First scientific expedition to Siberia under lead of Messerschmitt reaches Krasnoyarsk
1717-1722
“2nd Krasnoyarsk’s uprising”
1717-1718
Foundation of Sayan’s fortress
1703
Part of Khakas people is relocated to Dzhungaria
1695-1700
People’s uprising in Krasnoyarsk (“1st Krasnoyarsk’s uprising”)
1641
Foundation of first Achinsk fortress
1636
Foundation of Kansk fortress
1626, 1630-1631
People’s uprisings in towns of Yeniseysk, Mangazeya and Krasnoyarsk
1628
Foundation of Krasnoyarsk (ostrog Novokachinsky)
1619
Foundation of town of Yeniseysk
1607
Foundation of Turukhansk settlement
1608-1618
Beginning of uniting Khakasia with Russia
1601
Foundation of the first Russian settlement Mangazeya
Middle of XVI cent.
First Russians reached Yenisey river tributary
1270
Establishing of Mongol’s domination over Khakas's
1218, 1254
Uprising of Khakas's against Mongols
1206-1209
Mongol’s invasion to Khakas’ lands
IX-X cent.
Flourishing of political power of the state of Khakas people
VII-VIII cent.
Foundation of ancient Khakas state
Ist century BC
Migration of Kyrgyzes to Minusinsk area
II century BC – V century
Tashtykskaya ancient culture
VIII-II centuries BC
Tagarskaya ancient culture
XIII-IX centuries BC,
Karasukskaya ancient culture
middle of 2nd thousand BC
Andronovskaya ancient culture
16000-11000 years ago
Evidences of first humans found near Krasnoyarsk (Afontova gora-II)